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6 everyday things that cause obesity and IBD: It’s not just the meal that matters

The totality of the microorganisms and bacteria that live in the human digestive system constitute the intestinal flora, which makes up the bulk of the microbiome. We may not think about it much in our daily life, even though it plays a major role in maintaining health.

Disruption of the balance of good and bad intestinal microflora in no way affects digestion: it can even affect the work of the whole body. Therefore, it is worth relying on it and striving to preserve it and restore it. You may not think so, but the composition of the gut flora can be changed with completely ordinary things.

Ordinary things that damage the intestinal flora

There are many microorganisms in the intestinal flora, such as viruses and fungi, but bacteria are the most researched. The first-born is exposed to microbes as it passes through the birth canal, although there is research claiming that some microbes have already been encountered by the fetus in the womb. During growth, the intestinal flora will in many cases become more diverse, with more and more microbes appearing in it. Intestinal flora is involved in digestion and the functioning of the immune system, among other things, but recent studies have also shown that they affect the nervous system, including brain function.

If the diversity of the intestinal microflora decreases and harmful microorganisms predominate over the beneficial probiotic bacteria, various health problems can develop. intestinal flora imbalance, dysbacteriosis, insulin resistance, weight gain, obesity, chronic infections, colorectal cancerIt can lead to inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn’s disease. The intestinal microflora can also be damaged by everyday factors, which can indirectly contribute to the development of the listed diseases.

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One-sided feeding

Rich intestinal flora is considered healthy, and a varied diet rich in whole foods is important for this. The Western diet, which is characterized by an increased presence of processed foods and a lack of fiber, vegetables, fruits, and whole grains, is a source of many health problems, not even the microbiome.

Lack of prebiotics in the diet

Prebiotics are ingredients in foods that are not digested by the body and that enter the colon unchanged, where they promote the growth of friendly bacteria in the intestines. Prebiotic fiber is found in many healthy foods, vegetables, fruits, and whole grains, and its deficiency can deteriorate the quality of the intestinal flora.


Antibiotics taken for bacterial infections and diseases kill bacteria or prevent them from multiplying. At the same time, they do not choose between beneficial and harmful bacteria, and can significantly reduce the diversity of the intestinal microflora. Side effects can be reduced with the use of accompanying probiotics, but most importantly, products should only be taken for as long as your doctor has prescribed.

Lack of movement

The positive effects of physical activity on the body are well known. It seems that from the regular motion a It also benefits intestinal bacteriaFor example, by increasing the number of beneficial microbes. Disruption of the microbiome balance can lead to obesity, and movement can also help prevent this and maintain an ideal body weight.

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Lack of sleep

The body’s internal biological clock, called the circadian rhythm, is responsible for regulating wakefulness and sleep, among other things, but it also influences many processes in the body, such as the functioning of the hormonal system. Inversion is a risk factor for diseases of civilization and can also cause sleep disturbances. Lack of sleep, the night shift alone can disrupt the rhythm. The circadian clock also appears to affect the intestinal tract, with unsatisfactory quality and quantity of sleep May damage intestinal bacteria.

hurtful emotions

Adverse emotions such as excessive alcohol consumption and smoking are among the risk factors for many diseases. cigarette smoking Proven to increase Risk of Crohn’s disease with gastrointestinal mucositis. research It was concluded that smoking cessation leads to positive changes in the composition of the intestinal flora. Chronic alcohol consumption can lead to dysbacteriosis, a According to studies Alcoholism damages, alters the microbiome.

How can you support your gut bacteria?

It follows from the above that maintaining the balance and diversity of the intestinal microflora is not a side problem. In addition to eating foods rich in prebiotics, as well as probiotics, delicious fermented foods such as kefir and yogurt, regular exercise, good sleep, and stress management are also important. If you frequently suffer from indigestion, bloating, abdominal pain, diarrhea, or just constipation, it is important to pay attention to these aspects and consult a professional.

Foods that contain probiotics for gut health

Probiotic preparations are effective in replacing gut microorganisms and restoring gut flora. Although it is available in tablet or liquid form, a large portion can be taken.

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(Image source: Getty Images Hungary.)