A new study shows that Angkor, at its zenith, may have had a population of 900,000.
The ruins of the former capital of the Khmer Empire, present-day Cambodia, are one of the most spectacular attractions in the world. It has long been known that it was once one of the largest cities on earth, but there was no information about it, exactly how many people lived here in the thirteenth century, the height of Khmer culture. A new study estimates that its population at that time may have been 700-900,000.
The Angkor region at the time was probably inhabited by 3,000 square kilometers – twice the size of London today.
An international research team led by Sarah Clasen, an archaeologist at the University of British Columbia, analyzed data collected over the past 30 years. The data was derived from the application of Lidar (laser-based remote sensing) technology, radiocarbon dating, proprietary algorithms, and historical maps.
They were used to create models detailing the growth of Angkor’s city center from the 8th century onward.
The experts presented their findings in the scientific journal Science Advances.
To date, it is estimated that at the height of the empire, about 750,000 people could live in the city. However, these estimates were mainly based on the size of the area and the size of the paddy fields in the area, rather than laser techniques and algorithms.
The main problem with previous studies was that sacred buildings in Angkor were only constructed of stone, and the huts of the inhabitants were made of shorter-life raw materials such as wood, mud and straw.
The second. Founded by the ruler of Jayavarman, Angkor was the capital of the Khmer Empire between 802-1432. Its ruins were declared a World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 1992. The ancient ruin town of Quintet is a symbol of Cambodian national pride and one of the largest tourist attractions in the country.