The closing of hair and beauty salons due to the outbreak has annoyed many people with a lack of beauty care options. An acquaintance of mine noticed, he felt as if he had returned to the time of our great-great-grandmothers, who were still without these accomplishments. Well, even if they can’t go for artificial nails, we can be sure that women of all ages have found cosmetic practices and tricks.
The ideal of female beauty varied according to age and region, but at the time of our great mothers, girls and women with red faces, round faces and long lush hair were generally considered beautiful. Female beauty was associated with health and fitness for girls and women for work, childbirth and life.
For rosy, healthy skin and hair growth, our ancestors used various decoctions of herbs, ointments and purchased cosmetics.
To keep their skin beautiful and healthy, they tried to achieve this by cooking parsley, smearing it with dog’s milk, smoking rose petals, and washing in miracle well and spring water. They also made the skin smoother and more beautiful with milk, cream and butter, and the hands and feet were stained with fat.
On Christmas or New Year, girls ate red apples, washed with water and poured over red apples to make their faces beautiful and healthy red. In the middle of the twentieth century, blushing became fashionable under the influence of the city. The girls rubbed their faces with a red cloth or paper. Freckles were considered ugly, so many practices were used to fail. In the spring, I see a swallow “throwing out freckles”, freckles vomiting with a rhyme, that is, the freckle has been removed with the arrival of the first swallow. Their faces were washed with the first snow in March, the first dew in May, and as we can see, in these cases, the first prevailed everywhere.
During flowering on Sunday, when the straw doll symbolizing winter was taken out of the village and thrown into the water, their faces were washed with a piece of straw that had been torn and moistened from the seed to avoid freckles and other skin imperfections, then a straw knot. In the water. On the dawn of Good Friday, the girls went up to the river or the bed of the bed against the flow of water, immersed themselves in the water, and washed their faces with it to be beautiful, healthy, and energetic. The fiftieth dew is also attributed to health, but mostly a magical power of beauty. At dawn on the day of Pentecost, before sunrise, they bathed in the dew to make their skin beautiful and not freckle.
The adornment of girls and women was the long, lush hair. Therefore, they are trimmed a little from the end to grow faster.
Females were only cut as punishment, especially for moral misconduct. It is popular to cut hair exclusively during the growth of the moon or on a new moon on Friday to grow as the moon grows. It was forbidden on a full moon because it would not grow under the influence of the waning moon. Young girls’ hair was smeared with the juice of a cut walnut tree in the spring, and the women washed themselves in a decoction of sad willow. Girls knit hair-growing plants (mariannites, spruce buds, borage flowers) and stag beetles into their hair.
To prevent hair loss, you were not allowed to comb after sunset, Friday and during the lunar eclipse. The hair was washed with ash, soda, boiled and then rinsed with rain water. Chamomile broth was used for whitening. Perfect brown hair color is obtained with decoction of walnut leaves, walnut oil and lubrication. Freshly washed hair has been smeared with pomade or nut oil to prevent it from getting tangled, frayed, or pulled with the comb.
Due to its complexity and length, women only unwrap their buns once a week, or at their hair wash on Saturday or Sunday mornings before going to church. Usually the girl is combed by her mother, and the married woman by her mother-in-law. On weekdays, only the front has been modified. The curls were dried into thin braids or shaped with sugar water, then curled with an iron.
White lily petals soaked in brandy and chamomile broth have also been used to create a white complexion on the face. The eyebrows were painted in charcoal to make them black.
According to the definition of the nineteenth century, “a female figure is very beautiful when it appears round and wavy lines, and protruding bones are covered with healthy flesh.” The waist size can be reduced to as much as forty inches by means of the girdle to reach the waist of the wasp. Healthy and beautiful breasts are medium in size, stiff and narrow according to contemporary descriptions. If Heaven blessed a person with such breasts, then he was abundantly endowed with various practices by women’s newspapers. It has been suggested, for example, that such breasts be rubbed every morning and evening with a very soft brush dipped in alcohol mixed with Makkah balsam. As they say, it is also helpful for ladies to tie a towel dipped in very hot water every morning for 8-10 minutes and end up smeared with almond oil.
Hand condition was a primary issue for noble ladies. On beautiful hands, the skin is adorned with soft, white, translucent blue veins, and the nails are small and regular. The large and broad female hands were considered a defect at all ages, it was even seen as evidence of low male proportions and personality. Women have always known that the skin of their hands is mostly used by sunlight, wind and regular hand washing with soap. It is no coincidence that noble women have worn gloves for centuries, and in the darkness of their cheeks, they cleanse their soft hands with hand scrubs and cream. This contemporary hand scrub is made with blanched almonds, bread crumbs, lemon juice, and egg yolks and makes the skin perfectly clean and hydrated.
Eye care and highlighting have been part of beauty care since the ancient Egyptians.
They used lead paint for this purpose, which still looked specifically healthy compared to what the women subsequently swept in their eyes to make it shine. The substance often extracted from ragweed, snap mask, angelic trumpet, or pricklypiced gut in doses up to 1% has been found to be sufficient to induce complete adaptive paralysis for 7-10 days, and blindness at higher doses.
In the world of science, the beautiful ringing plant called Atropa belladonna also has a pupillary dilation effect due to its atropine content. This was the loss of many women from Roman times to the 19th century, when they loved eye drops for a glamorous look.
Not only was syphilis tried with mercury, but it was also considered an ideal remedy for various skin problems and blemishes. Even in the 2000s, mercury-containing lotions were recommended for people with acne and for lightening. True, at that time they were already aware of the harmful effects, so this was recommended only as a last resort.
Beauticians of this age recommended the following to remove wrinkles: rain or running water, quince peel soaked in brandy, cucumber wipes, unsalted butter or lard.
It was not known at the time that alcoholic water only relieved symptoms until it evaporated, but then severely dries out the already dry, wrinkled skin.
There were those who relied more on mechanics and suggested tightening the wrinkled skin with two fingers and gluing it together with a piece of adhesive. If this is applied to the skin at night, the wrinkles will fade in the morning.
In the late nineteenth century, mixed creams appeared in pharmacy, such as the very popular Celeste cream, which was a cheap oily ointment, mostly a mixture of petroleum jelly, lanolin white wax and vetch. At that time, the beneficial effects of cocoa butter, almond oil, and glycerin were already known. The back pages of the newspapers were full of ads for various cosmetic miracle treatments. In other cases, chemicals contain chemicals that have been shown to be effective once, and they can be seriously harmful to health in the long term.
Although the cosmetic industry had undergone a radical transformation in this regard since the late twentieth century, no one had found anything unwanted to use ingredients of animal origin in the early twentieth century. Animal-derived substances formed the basis of “moving ointments” and “moving soaps”, which were sold to cleanse and moisturize the skin.
Realizing the different needs of dry and oily skin, they have provided different products to customers with different skin problems. Fashion has also changed in covering imperfections and wrinkles. Some women have insisted on using enamel, which is a thick, glossy coating cream that can be a somewhat eye-catching concealer, more for artificial light that wants more natural coverage, using only a lighter powder.
By the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, hair removal from certain parts of the body was not yet as popular as it had been in the following decades.
When women showed their exposed legs and arms in everyday life or even their thighs or armpits due to their bolder swimwear. However, hair removal was needed even in the era of long dresses and long sleeves. Many for shaving. Others have resorted to small hip pliers, corrosive substances – so-called hair loss agents.
According to ads, for example. Dermatologist József Jutassy did “needle epilation” or remove Kromayer hair, but he also sold Jutassy for hair removal or hair loss (depilatory cream). Until then, the ads promised to remove hair, arms, and face. A comment from Dr. Gutassi also reveals that some hair on the lips is not considered a defect:
“The small mustache that protects the upper lip of a woman is not even ugly. Rather, it makes the face hot and tasteful; but the strong beard growth that the generous nature invokes on the female face distorts it, making it masculine and militaristic.”
Well, times are changing, fashions are changing, even today a little mustache is unwanted on a woman’s face …
(NZS / Felvidék.ma / Past era / Hungarian ethnographic dictionary)