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Ethiopian monoliths are a thousand years older than previously thought

Researchers at Washington State University (WSU) have suggested that giant monoliths in southern Ethiopia may be 1,000 years older than previously thought. In a recently published study, researchers conducted carbon isotope dating on monoliths from the Sakaro Sudo archaeological site in the Gedeo region.

Sakaro Sudo is home to the most abundant stony stele-type monuments in Africa, with an estimated more than 10,000 in sixty or more groups. A study published in the Journal of African Archeology He examined large stone slabs and stone pillars with carved and inscribed signs or inscriptions and representations.Monoliths were first studied by French researchers in the 1990s, when it was estimated that they could have been built around the year 1100. Based on the results of the latest study, this is now modified sometime until the first century AD.

Ethiopian monoliths may be more than a thousand years oldSource: Ashenafi Zena

It is one of the least studied archaeological sites in the world and we wanted to change that — said Ashnavi Zina, the study’s lead author and former doctoral researcher at Washington State University and a scientist at the North Dakota State Historical Society. Heritage An online science portal that has been studying monoliths since 2013. – It is shocking to see so many monuments in such a small area; Furthermore, many stones fell to the ground, and some of them crashed.

In addition to pushing the date of building the oldest millennium monolith, so to speak, experts have also identified where the ancient site builders likely extracted the raw materials for this purpose.

For the first time, the oldest known sources of obsidian artifacts were identified from the sites of the Gedeo plate.

Surprisingly, most of the sedges identified in Sakaru Soda lie about 300 kilometers from the territory of Northern Kenya, which researchers say shows that modern people obtained most of their volcanic raw materials through some exchange or trade.

Although science still knows little about the pastoralists and farmers who inhabited the Sakaro-Sudu region in southern Ethiopia at the turn of the first millennium, experts have identified The dates for the new construction of the obelisk coincide with the arrival of domesticated species and the beginnings of more complex social and economic systems in the region.According to the researchers, this is one reason why this research is particularly important, as it may shed new light on how the first people living in the area lived and what their cultural and social practices were.

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