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Hungarian astronomer discovered the first comet of the year

The first comet of 2022 was discovered in Hungary, MTI writes. Luminary Krisztián Sárneczky, an employee of the ELKH Center for Astronomy and Earth Sciences (CSFK) noted that the expert had found hundreds of objects in recent years using the Schmidt telescope at the Piszkéstető Observatory.

“The year started really well at the Piszkéstető observatory, where a new comet was first detected in Hungary on the night of January 1st / 2nd, as well as a very fast-spinning traditional asteroid. Before,” Krisztián Sárneczky recalled in the article. As he wrote, a previously unknown asteroid appeared near the Earth, 30-40 meters in diameter, on the third examined image. “The celestial body 2022 AC that we passed 1.1 million km on December 28 and was already receding at the time of discovery has become,” he added. According to the researcher, at about four in the morning, another asteroid was spotted in one of the series of images, and the celestial body with a diameter of 70 meters rotates on its axis in just 3 minutes, according to Polish astronomers.

A few minutes later, in the immediate next area, another moving orb appeared, different from the fifty near-Earth asteroids that had been discovered in the past year and a half. “The blurry look was so unexpected that I initially thought that a blurry reflection in the Schmidt optical system (in short, a Klingon spaceship) would make me go crazy, or maybe a simple defocusing in the corners of the image would blur the image. But in digitally added hasty shots, it was The structure and movement of the fog is different from what it would be like in these false cases,” the researcher wrote.

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Jim Miller / Getty Images

The astronomer then reported the discovery of the orb to the Minor Planet Center (MPC), the requirement to name the comet from the person who found it. Confirmation recordings were made soon as well, and since the body was definitely blurry on these as well, and even a short plume that looked to the west, the process that had been waiting for decades began. According to astronomers’ emails, the celestial body was first placed on a page confirming the presence of asteroids near Earth, and after a few minutes a MPC employee moved the celestial body to a page listing possible comets.

At the time of its discovery, the object was only 60 million km from our planet, while the average comet is usually detected in the solar range of Jupiter (750 million km) or farther from it. The direction of its rotation is opposite to that of the planets, and its orbital plane is bent at a large angle of 63 degrees.

The researcher found that “probably one of the faintest near-orbiting parabola comets ever detected in my network, which approached us quickly a month ago, and two months ago were inaccessible to even the largest search telescopes.” The comet’s maximum brightness will be 50,000 times smaller than what can be seen with the naked eye.

After the discovery, a small, fast-moving comet from Europe, America and Asia was also observed.

Finally, at dawn on January 7, in yet another slumber after a perceived night, came the redemptive news that I could officially name the first comet of 2022, C/2022 A1.

Krisztián Sárneczky Books. with this Georgy Collin (1942) and Miklos Lovas After five discoveries between 1942 and 1986, Krisztián Sárneczky became the third galactic astronomer to be named a comet.

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