The Avars were a successful ethnic group that followed the Huns, who also had their own empire for a quarter of a thousand years, the center of which was the Carpathian Basin. Since the writing was not known, apart from the fact that the Hungarians who occupied it found it and incorporated it here, we know very little about it. The origin and ethnic composition of the Avars, for example, is controversial.
I’ve been trying to get to the end of this cell International research, including the Institute of Archeology at ELTE, Department of Anthropology, Institute of Archeology at BTK, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Harvard Medical School and Princeton Institute for Applicants. Search. The research compared the 66 Avar cemeteries in the Carpathian Basin, including the richest, with burials of ages before and after the Avars.
The data showed a clear link between the Avars and the former Chuangsu Empire in northeast Asia, but genetic testing also showed that 20-30 percent of North Caucasian and West Asian ancestry retained traces of steppe migration, said Guido Genicci-Ruscon, a leading researcher. . Zhuangsu Empire is proto–It was a Mongol nomadic state that was torn apart by the Turks around the year 552.
The connection between the two regions can also be shown by physical memories: in Mongolia and the Carpathian Basin, the same symbol of power appeared, the decoration of a precious metal chest in the form of a crescent.
By placing the archaeological findings in a historical framework, we were able to narrow down the time of the migration of the Avars. They traveled over 5,000 km from Mongolia to the Caucasus in a few years, and ten years later they settled in what is now Hungary. This is the fastest long-distance migration in human history currently known
One of the authors, Choongwon Jeong, pointed this out.
The genetic heritage dominant in East Asia can be found in several cemeteries in the area of the central settlement of Avars between the Danube and Tisza.
Anna Szécsényi-Nagy added.
However, in addition to the initial residence of the Avars, researchers found great variation in the degree of admixture between individuals, such as at the Kölked site in southern Transdanubia, indicating that the migratory Avar elite was able to manage a diverse population with the help of a heterogeneous local elite.
It’s all part of the HistoGenes International Genetic Research Project, supported by the European Research Council, which examines the population of the Carpathian Basin between the 5th and 10th centuries.
(Cover photo: An employee of the Ferenc Mora Museum works at an excavated cemetery in Szeged on July 10, 2019. Photo: Merg/Zoltan Gijrli Kilmen)
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