Due to the epidemiological situation, the shortage of energy, raw materials and goods threatens the world and European economies. Due to a general lack of supply, self-sufficiency and sovereignty became issues of increasing importance. Strategic independence and sovereignty in energy and agriculture is now high on the agenda of Monday’s talks between the Hungarian Prime Minister and the French President, the Climate Policy Institute presents the topic, and the key findings of the main research are presented at the end of the article.
Pandemic and self-sufficiency
The pandemic has shown that natural disasters and epidemics can cause not only public health but also economic and social crises. With restrictions on production and the freedom of movement and trade in goods, countries’ economic performance has declined, and some of the world’s longest supply chains have collapsed. Thanks to COVID-19, instead of meeting external demand, countries have shifted their focus to serving their internal needs. Making supply chains more secure, resilient, and shortening has become a problem, but there have also been increasing views that countries need to enhance their self-sufficiency to be more resilient in the face of crises.
scarcity of supply
The situation is now aggravated by the energy crisis and the general shortage of raw materials and goods. There is a short supply of various raw materials (eg wood, steel, magnesium, silicon), energy and energy carriers (electricity, fossils) as well as finished products (eg chips, car, adblue). In the Austrian and German media, the authorities provided information about what residents should do in the event of a power outage. Tens of thousands of families in Romania have been left without heating or hot water due to rising natural gas prices. Many energy suppliers in Europe have gone bankrupt. Supply security has become one of the most important issues in life.
Europe’s views on self-sufficiency
EU citizens also view the importance of sovereignty. An analysis conducted in collaboration with the End of the Century and the Climate Policy Institute shows that a majority of European voters agree on the importance of countries’ self-sufficiency. Extensive research in 27 EU member states, as well as in Switzerland, Norway and the United Kingdom, confirms that public security of supply and resource self-sufficiency is a national strategic interest.
86% of respondents felt that it is somewhat important (43% very important, 43% more important) that each country should own and use natural resources such as land, water, raw materials and mineral resources for others. In Hungary, this percentage was even higher, at 90% (Very significant 61%, somewhat important 29%).
The research also sought to answer the question of how important it was for Europeans to ensure that each country produced its own strategic goods, such as food or energy, so that they did not have to rely on it. For this question, 88% of respondents thought independence was somewhat important (47% very important, 41% more important). Compared to the EU average, people in Hungary were also more in favor of national independence in this area (very significant 69%, most important 24%).
Hungarians are among the countries that consider the achievement of sovereignty most important in the questions asked
Summarize the Climate Policy Institute statement.
The survey was conducted by the End of the Century Foundation using the CATI method from August 1 to September 15, 2021 in 27 EU member states, the United Kingdom, Norway and Switzerland, with a total of 30,000 randomly selected adults each. Country… Examine his mind.
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