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Sports and joint protection

With summer seriously approaching, many people think it’s time to exercise to get in shape for the season.

However, before we cut short a movement headlong, we need to know that our joints can easily get injured — especially if we suddenly cut out a new type of exercise after a long miss. About joint protection d. Tamas Panayi, MD, sports physician at Oxygen Medical, spoke.

Exercise – just be careful

It is an indisputable fact that regular training is beneficial both physically and mentally, but before embarking on an exciting sport, we need to think about our abilities, level of physical fitness and even seek professional help to prevent more serious injuries.

Muscle fever – should you relax or work on it?
We hurt our bodies with intense physical exertion that causes muscle spasms.
Muscle fever – should you relax or work on it?

Even if we are aware of the function of our joints and the potential sources of danger, we can easily prevent accidents. – says Dr. Tamás Bányai, MD, orthopedic and sports surgeon at Oxygen Medical.

The rule of thumb before you warm up is to warm up, appropriate size and sports clothing and shoes, and any protective equipment.

If we also take the time to stretch after exercise, we are less likely to experience muscle cramps.

joints and sports

the reserve

The ankle is a small joint in terms of size, but it is subjected to a heavy load because it bears the entire weight of the body.

Why is cycling good?
Cycling is a form of aerobic and cyclical movement. This means that during cycling, the same movements are quickly repeated one after another, and the movement takes place in a dynamic presence, that is, oxygen.
Why is cycling good?

Many may be familiar with one of his most common injuries, a sprain, for which even one bad move is enough. In this case, the collateral ligament is stretched, and in severe cases it may be torn.

To prevent accidents, do balance exercises such as standing with your eyes closed. In this way, we can not only strengthen the ankle ligaments, but also the ability of the brain to control changes in body position. It is especially recommended to take care of the ankle joints during football, basketball and volleyball.

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The knee joint is more weak than you think. The most common is an injury to the meniscus, that is, a rupture of the “pillows” that lie between the tibia and femur, and one of the most important functions of which is to relieve impingement.

articular cartilage degeneration

Osteoarthritis (erosion of the articular cartilage), sometimes referred to as osteoarthritis or – unequivocally as if arthritis were at the core of the disease – osteoarthritis, is the most common form of joint problem in developed countries and one of the most common causes of disability.
About cartilage erosion in detail

If the tear in the area is small, it can heal on its own within 3-6 weeks. However, in more severe cases, surgery may be required, which is performed using the so-called arthroscopic technique, that is, it requires only a small incision.

As with the ankle, balance exercises are good here, and are effective for strengthening the muscles around the knee, the thigh stretcher and the thigh flexor regularly.

At the same time, the calf should not be neglected either, because it plays an important role in the fastening. Particular caution is advised when playing volleyball, handball and skiing.

About knee injuries

Most knee injuries occur during exercise. The most common are ligaments and meniscus.

healthy knee

healthy knee

These increase the load surface as well as reduce the dynamic loads on the flask. The component parts of the knee joint are connected by various ligaments in addition to the joint sheath. Depending on the frequency of injury, the four bands are most important: the two lateral (inner and outer) and the two cross bars (anterior and posterior).

The function of the ligaments, tendons, joint capsule, articular cartilage is to prevent abnormal displacement of the bones that make up the joint during movement.

Most injuries occur during exercise. The most common are ligaments and meniscus. To understand knee injuries, we need to know the structure of the knee joint. The joint consists of the following parts: the femoral joint, the tibia joint, and the patella, which is located in the groove of the thigh.

The patella is attached to the tibia by a strong tendon. This allows the quadriceps muscle above it to stretch or keep the knee tight. The internal and external anchorage straps help prevent the patella from slipping out of place during knee movements. Tasting surfaces are covered with a smooth, mirror surface called hyaline cartilage. Roughly completing the vitreous, two crescent-shaped elastic fibrocartilages, the outer and inner meniscus, are located on the flat joint surface of the tibia.

More About Knee Injuries on a WEB Patient

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When we stumble, we place our hands almost reflexively in front of us to cushion the force of the fall.

tendon rupture

The role of ligaments is to increase joint stability and connect muscles to joints. The injury is usually the result of trauma, impaired mobility, and the healing process can take up to a year. tendon rupture

However, through this procedure, we achieve that if we fall on our hands, our wrist can be injured. The most common injury is a wrist fracture or fracture under the thumb, but ligament sprains are also common.

It is important to wear a wrist guard for sports that are dangerous to the wrist (martial arts, volleyball, badminton, snowboarding, skateboarding).


In the case of the shoulder, sprains are common, especially if we do some sudden movement with the arm held high.

Muscle injuries: bruises, muscle tears, bleeding

The main symptom of muscle injuries is pain, which can be felt even in less severe cases. Read more about types of muscle injuries and their treatment on WEB Patient

There may also be damage to the so-called rotator sheath, which includes four smaller muscles used to secure the shoulder joint. Muscle fibers can be easily damaged due to overload.

It is recommended that you start playing sports that work the shoulder muscles strongly – such as tennis, volleyball, handball and water polo – only if the muscles there are strong enough.

This is because if the muscles that hold the shoulder joint are weak, the shoulder may protrude or fall, increasing the risk of injury.

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Reinforcements with a rubber cord or an elastic band can be effective.

Tennis elbows and golf elbows – how to avoid them?

When the muscles involved in flexing the wrist are stretched too much, we are talking about golfer’s elbows, as the disease is more common among practitioners of this sport, although about half of the participants do not play golf or play anything else.

golf elbow In its presence the inner surface of the elbow is sensitive to pressure, flexion of the palm is accompanied by a significant amount of pain, and in severe cases the pain does not go away at rest. The patient cannot grasp objects, everything falls out of his hands. When the strained forearm muscles are subjected to excessive stress, tennis elbows develop. The outer surface of the elbow is sore and sore at the site of attachment to the affected muscle.

a tennis elbows More common than golf elbowIt affects about 2-3 percent of people in their lifetime. It is especially common in middle-aged women. If the patient has tennis elbows, he will feel severe pain when his elbow, hands and fingers are pulled back. It’s hard to hold things, shake hands, or even open a bottle. Interestingly, both diseases occur primarily among those who engage in strenuous sports, but rarely among those who perform heavy physical labor.
Tennis elbows and golf elbows – how to avoid them? – Practical advice for a WEB patient

safety first

There are sports in which the joints are not subjected to major shocks, shocks and sudden movements such as swimming, walking and cycling.

What does your heart rate indicate?
The pulse test is one of the oldest medical diagnostic methods used.
How do you measure your heart rate?

These forms of movement increase the heart rate, take a lot of energy, and increase the uptake of oxygen by cells.

However, if you are over the age of 40, or if you have never exercised before, be sure to test yourself before starting training, and it is also helpful to have a customized training plan.

(web patient/medical oxygen)