There was no change in the life of any king as there was in 99 years of the life of Prince Philip In practice He did not dominate. When the Duke of Edinburgh was born in 1921, Britain was the most powerful power in the world. It was the epitome of the modern state, with the strongest navy in the world, its modern and strong economy, its stable, somewhat outdated, class-based society and its all-encompassing parliamentary monarchy. It is no coincidence that most emerging states have begun to achieve and implement the British model.
By this time the British Empire, although the sun had never set, was already beyond its power, due to the enormous costs and sacrifices of the First World War. The new challenge came from abroad, as Germany, which had already produced coal and steel in the 1910s, collapsed like itself. The former colony, the growing power of the United States, is well characterized by the fact that at the 1922 Washington Naval Conference, Britain accepted that under strong pressure from the American mother Winston Churchill, the United States could maintain the same navy.
Where are we from the “standard of two powers” policy of the early 1900s? For this plan, which came into force in 1889, the Royal Navy had to be stronger than the combined naval force of the two victorious forces in order to retain British naval power. At the end of World War I, the British leadership had sacrificed its loyal ally Japan for decades as a rival to the United States as a rival to the United States, a decision that was drastically reversed in less than two decades.
The post-war boom of the 1920s was interrupted by the Great Depression of 1929, which also hit Britain hard. His vast colonial empire was still full
The anti-colonization initiative has already appeared in India and includes, Crown Jewel in India.
In Europe, as well as in re-emerging Germany and Asia, Japan, which had increasingly provoked the colonial Western powers, threatened British influence. As pointed out by the war plans prepared by both parties, relations with the United States are not in order, of which the United States A Red War plan was known.
In the 1930s, the island nation was still a strong power in Europe, and its weight is well illustrated by the fact that Poland’s independence (along with France) was guaranteed by Great Britain. However, the limitations of its influence are highlighted by the fact that II. He could no longer respond to the German attack, which signaled the outbreak of World War II, and the subsequent Soviet attack.
A II. World War II plunged the monarchy into decline. His industrial strength was no longer sufficient to adequately prepare all branches of his armed forces in preparation for the inevitable war; At the end of the burning world, the Americans will clearly win, and Bernard Montgomery and other English generals will gain their independence no matter how hard they try. Due to the siege, bombing and cost of maintaining the German submarine
The ticketing system, already introduced in 1939, lasted until 1954.
In the fifties, Winston Churchill Indicates the changed power balance He said, “We are only two-thirds.”
The empire disintegrated very slowly as the two superpowers were equally opposed to the maintenance of the colonies and did everything they could to shake up foreign rule. India gained independence in 1947, Asian plantations in the 1950s, and most Africans gained independence in the 1960s. For the most part, change was achieved quietly, but several colonial wars were waged against certain actors unfavorable to the British. The role of the traditional powers, Britain and (France), is well illustrated by the fact that they sought to act as a stand-alone factor during the 1956 Suez Crisis, but failed without the indirect opposition of the United States and the Soviet Union. .
In the early 1960s, society also underwent a significant change, with class differences significantly reduced with the appearance of the Beatles and the Rolling Stones.
It entered the new golden age of British culture.
A good sign of change is that many warriors sent themselves back when the mushroom-headed people took office as heroes. In the 1970s, Britain joined NATO and, despite opposition from many, became a member of the pioneering organizations of the growing European Union. Under the frequently attacked leadership of Margaret Thatcher, the economically backward island nation regained its strength, as shown by the war on the other side of the earth for the Falkland Islands.
After the end of the Cold War, Thatcher and his successor, Prime Minister John Major, tried in vain to prevent German unity, saying that we could not rule the two wars in Europe without being shot down by the Germans.
The island nation had already forced the role of the second violinist in Europe, with the exception of united Germany, which was not seen with good eyes by the people or the elite, but as a result of their collective stumble, Britain withdrew from the European Union after a long negotiation.
Prince Philip and his royal wife were forced to see the waves of history, despite their efforts to squeeze the former world power back into smaller and smaller areas. How he described this process with his well-known marrow and sharp ideas, we never know.