A joint statement to MTI on Tuesday outlining the survey findings indicated that global and European economies were threatened by shortages of energy, raw materials and commodities due to the pandemic, and that self-sufficiency and sovereignty were becoming increasingly important issues due to “shortfalls of supplies.”
It was written that strategic independence and sovereignty in energy and agriculture were also high in Monday’s talks between Prime Minister Victor Orban and French President Emmanuel Macron.
In their view, the coronavirus pandemic has demonstrated that natural disasters and epidemics can cause not only public health but also economic and social crises.
With restrictions on production and the freedom of movement and trade in goods, countries’ economic performance has declined, and some of the world’s longest supply chains have collapsed. They added that due to the pandemic, instead of meeting external demand, countries have shifted their focus towards meeting their internal needs.
They said making supply chains more secure, resilient and default has become a topic, but opinions have also intensified that countries need to enhance their self-sufficiency to be more resilient.
At the turn of the century, the Climate Policy Institute said the situation was now exacerbated by the energy crisis and general shortages of raw materials and goods. There is an in short supply of various raw materials (such as wood, steel, magnesium, silicon), energy and energy carriers (electricity, fossil fuels) as well as finished products (AdBlue, which is essential to power chips, cars and modern diesel engines).
He recalled that in the Austrian and German media, the authorities provided information on what to do in the event of a power outage. Tens of thousands of families in Romania have been left without heating or hot water due to rising natural gas prices. Many energy suppliers in Europe have gone bankrupt. Supply security has become one of the most important issues in life.
They stressed that sovereignty is also considered important by EU citizens, adding that the analysis carried out in collaboration between the End of the Century and the Climate Action Institute shows that a majority of European voters agree on self-importance. – Adequacy.
Research conducted in 27 member states of the European Union, as well as in Switzerland, Norway and the United Kingdom, confirms that public security of supply and self-determination over resources serve the national strategic interest.
The two institutions reported that 86 percent of respondents felt it is somewhat important (43 percent very important, 43 percent most important) in terms of natural resources such as land, water, raw materials and mineral resources, each country has its own and does not impose it on others. In Hungary, this percentage was even higher, at 90 percent (61 percent of respondents think this is very important, and 29 percent think it is more important).
Research also continued to find out how important it was for Europeans to produce strategic goods themselves, such as food or energy, so as not to push others for them.
88 percent of respondents think independence is somehow important (47 percent very important, 41 percent more important). In Hungary, people preferred national independence more than the EU average (93 percent) (69 percent considered it very important and 24 percent considered it more important) – the communication revealed.
Hungarians are among the countries that consider the achievement of sovereignty most important in the questions asked.
The survey was conducted by the End of the Century Foundation from August 1 to September 15 in 27 member states of the European Union, the United Kingdom, Norway and Switzerland, and included a total of 30,000 randomly selected adults in each country.
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