A system called ASPOSZ OKP operates automatically and sends up to 10 warning messages per day due to objects flying near Russian satellites. számolt be Roszkozmosz. Igor Bacaras, Roscosmos’ IT and analytics company, spoke about the operation of the Low Earth Orbit monitoring system in an interview with the TASS news agency. CNIImas Leader.
“Between three and ten warnings are received from ASPOSZ OKP every day that a piece of space waste is dangerously close to a protected satellite of the Russian space fleet,” the expert said. However, despite the many warnings, an evasive orbital maneuver is rarely necessary, and not all spacecraft have the necessary propulsion and fuel. Turning maneuver is only performed if there is a high chance of collision. In 2020, a total of more than 4,000 warnings were issued, of which 220 were related to the International Space Station (ISS), which had to change its orbit twice due to the risk of a dangerous collision.
The automated system, in operation since 2016, uses optical electronic tracking of potentially dangerous objects, and also detects satellites, cuts off space waste, and calculates their location, which currently consists of 36 telescopes operating in Russia, Brazil and Armenia. The system will be expanded with four large ground-based observatories in the coming years, allowing a total of 65 telescopes to observe space and the fate of satellites.
The expert also said how long a spacecraft that has gone out of control or completed its work in space can remain: Depending on the altitude of the orbit, it has a maximum of 25 years for a distance of 500 km, 100-150 years for a distance of 800 km, and approx. 2,000 years, 36,000 km could be several thousand years.
The interview was conducted on the occasion that on May 13, 75 years have passed since the current Soviet decree issued today CNIImas The predecessor, the State Institute for Missile Weapons Research, which at that time performed purely military tasks with military missile research.
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