According to Guterres, a global coalition is needed to bring about carbon neutrality by mid-century. The Secretary-General stressed that “all countries, all regions, all cities, all businesses and all sectors” must play their part in this. The official added that the next 10 years should be a decade of transformation.
Guterres noted that every country should set ambitious goals. These goals can be achieved, among other things, by taxing carbon dioxide emissions. In addition, state support for coal and oil production should be stopped, he said.
“We are on the edge of a precipice,” the Secretary-General stressed. “We need to make sure that we take the next step in the right direction,” he added.
You need more than that
Joe Biden The US President has invited forty heads of state and government to attend the summit via the Internet. The two-day event aims to prepare for the United Nations climate conference in Glasgow in November and to convince major economic powers of the need for more ambitious climate protection goals. The summit will be attended by Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xixing, as well as Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and German Chancellor Angela Merkel, among others.
China, the United States, India and Russia are the largest carbon emitters in the world, according to the International Energy Agency in Paris. Experts say there is still a lot to do by 2030 if countries around the world are to truly meet the goals of the Paris summit to curb global warming. The past decade has been the hottest since meteorological data began to be recorded. The consequences of global warming have been felt around the world: Heat waves, droughts, torrential rains, storms and floods have devastated the entire Earth. Additionally, experts say billions of tons of ice sheet have melted in the Arctic in recent years.
The World Meteorological Organization warned in January that average global temperatures could rise by as much as 3-5 degrees Celsius this century if urgent action is not taken to curb climate change.
There are promises
Negotiators between the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union agreed on Wednesday that the European Union will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels.
Biden promised on Thursday that the United States would cut greenhouse gas emissions by at least 50 percent by 2030. France Timmermans, Vice President of the European Commission, welcomed Biden’s announcement on Twitter, which he said could bolster climate protection measures worldwide.
Britain has said it wants to cut emissions by at least 78 percent by 2035 from 1990 levels. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson affirmed that fighting climate change “is about growth and jobs” and called on the international community to do more.
Japanese Prime Minister Suga Josehead announced on Thursday that his country wants to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 46 percent by 2030 compared to 2013 levels. Japan had previously promised a reduction of just 26 percent. The island nation wants to become carbon neutral by 2050.
The carbon market in the European Union is in transformation
The European Union European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said at the climate summit hosted by the US government on Thursday that the project would not only apply it to industry, but would expand the carbon trading program to include buildings and transportation in the future. In his video message, the president assured that the European Union will start shifting the carbon market in June to make economic sectors greener.
The European Union’s Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) aims to reduce industrial greenhouse gas emissions and curb climate change. ETS sets a limit on carbon dioxide emissions, and above the limit, companies can only pollute the air by purchasing CO2 shares. And because they have to pay for the quotas, this encourages companies to reduce emissions as little as possible.
$ 100 billion to tackle climate change
In a statement at the Climate Summit, Charles Michel, President of the European Council, said that the European Union will raise about $ 100 billion in financing to fight climate change. As he said, the European Union and its member states are the main contributors to the fight against climate change in developing countries. He also indicated that 30% of the recovery fund was created to deal with the crisis caused by the Coronavirus epidemic Green bonds By issuing it.
The European Union, the world’s third largest emitter of carbon dioxide, has set a target of achieving net zero emissions by 2050 under the so-called Green Agreement. The Brussels Committee announced on Wednesday that it will cut greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55 percent by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. The agreement reached now will be in line with the upcoming “climate protection law”.
Climate change leads to a multi-layered crisis
NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg has spoken about how climate change is causing a multi-layered crisis in the world, not least from a security perspective. As he said, extreme weather and sea level rise associated with climate change are devastating societies around the world and increasing competition for scarce resources, and creating tensions and conflicts.
He stressed that “climate change threatens global security, so NATO must play its role in the war against it.”
According to Stoltenberg, the coalition should engage and invest in research on climate change and increase sharing of data and analysis on the topic. In addition, you need to increase your adaptability to changing environmental conditions and adapt your training and practices accordingly. Emissions from military operations must also be reduced, for example through the use of biofuels and renewable energies. The goal is for Allied leaders to make a clear political commitment to net zero emissions at the NATO summit in June, the Secretary-General emphasized.
Russia implements an energy efficiency program
Russian President Vladimir Putin has proposed international cooperation in monitoring all types of emissions.
Putin said, “We call on all interested countries to participate in joint scientific research, to fund practical climate projects and to activate the development of low-carbon technologies to mitigate the effects of climate change and adapt to it.”
He believed that if methane emissions could be cut in half in the next 30 years, which is 25-28 times stronger than the greenhouse effect carbon dioxide, global temperatures would drop by 0.18 degrees by 2050, which is 45 percent of the difference. Among the target group. In the Paris Agreement.
Russia is ready to give discounts to foreign companies that want to invest in clean technologies. According to Putin, Moscow also intends to introduce modern legislation to encourage control and reduction of carbon emissions.
According to him, the Russian economy will increase the use of associated oil gas, implement a comprehensive environmental modernization program and energy efficiency in all sectors of the economy, and ensure the capture, storage and use of carbon dioxide from all sources.
He said that Russia is working on the infrastructure to produce hydrogen and will use this gas as a raw material and source of energy. He said that a pilot project had been launched in the Sakhalin region to develop a carbon pricing and carbon allowance trading system. Achieving this, he said, would allow the region to be carbon neutral by 2025.
In his annual address to Parliament, Putin said he had set a large emissions cap by 2050 as one of the main challenges. He noted that compared to 1990, Russia had reduced its greenhouse gas emissions by more than half the other countries, by nearly half, from 3.1 billion tons of carbon dioxide, equivalent to 1.6 billion tons. According to him, this is the result of the fundamental restructuring of the Russian industry and energy sector, as a result of which 45 percent of Russia’s energy balance is now composed of low-emission energy sources, including nuclear power generation.
He described the agreements brokered by the United Nations as a reliable basis for combating greenhouse gas emissions. He stressed that Moscow takes seriously its international obligations in this field, as stipulated in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement.
The Russian President stressed that global development must not only be green, but it must also be completely sustainable, that is, it must be linked to poverty reduction and bridging the development gap between countries.